Spelling vs. pronunciation ~ The Linguistics Zone

Tuesday, March 27, 2007

Spelling vs. pronunciation

A common complaint relating to the English language is that a lot of words are not spelled the way they are sound. Should all words be spelled like they are pronounced? I'm sure that in elementary school you once complained that spelling is too chaotic, and that the word school should be spelled skool, and through be made into thru.

The reason for this chaos is that in writing, a particular letter can have more than one sound associated with it, depending on the context (its surrounding letters for instance). A good example of this is the letter "C": it can represent either a [k] sound or an [s] sound. Furthermore, some sounds in English are not represented with a single letter, and we must use two letters to write them. The [sh] sound in shout is an example of this.

There are many arguments for keeping English spelling as it is. Reading comprehension will suffer if all words are spelled exactly as they are sounded. Many words change their pronunciation when inflected forms of the word are used. Consider what a mess it would be to read musical as muzikal and musician as muzishan. Also, there can be stress changes on different forms of the same word, like photograph and photographer.

English spelling, although many find it tricky, should be kept as it is. Proponents of "English spelling reform" have been somewhat successful, as we sometimes see signs that say "nite", "thru", and more rarely "foto".

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British English (British English, in short BE or BrE) is the name for the varieties of English, as in the British Isles (hence sometimes known colloquially as "Island English" called) spoke and under the name British Standard English is used as a written language use .

Frequently and in a more specific sense, this term the Received Pronunciation (RP) refers to is different from the standards referred to as regional dialects in Scotland, Wales and Ireland.

RP is an accent which is sometimes referred to but less and less, as the "Queen's English", "King's English" or "Oxford English ". A more recent term for the queen's English is "BBC English ". This emphasis is due to features of the debate in the southeast of England and was until a few years than that of English pronunciation variant, as recommended for educated speakers.

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Dynasty (altgr. δυνάστες "ruler") describes a sequence of generations of rulers and their families, and is now also commonly used for large families (family dynasty). Originally, it describes a ruling dynasty, which has managed to guarantee a longer period of power, economic and marriage policy, diplomacy and intrigue, and ultimately a successful succession, a continuous occupation of the highest prince dignity of their country.

When naming a dynasty one refers mostly to the family name (Wasa), the headquarters (Hohenzollern), or the founder of a dynasty by its proper name (Carolingian).

If the description says you either house of Bourbon, as in German historiography, the term house rules for the political testament of a ruler in the Middle Ages (see Ottonian), enforced, or plural as the Bourbons. Both terms are used interchangeably. Normally we talk about a dynasty until a number of three successive kings or queens.

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Chola dynasty that was of Tamil origin, ruled in southern India until the thirteenth century of our era. The dynasty originated in the fertile valley of the river Kaveri. Karikala Chola was the most famous among the kings of the early period of the Chola dynasty, while Rajaraja Chola, Chola and Rajendra Chola Kulothunga emperors became famous in the medieval period.

Chola dynasty reached its peak in the X and XII centuries AD. Under the government of Rajaraja Chola I (Rajaraja the Great) and his son Rajendra Chola, the dynasty had a big military buildup, economic and cultural development in Asia. The territory stretched from the Maldives in the south to the limits of the Ganges River in northern Bengal. Rajaraja Chola conquered the south of India, annexed parts of Sri Lanka and occupied the Maldives. Rajendra Chola also made inroads against the kingdoms located in the Malay Archipelago. The Chola dynasty's power declined around the fourteenth century the century with the rise of Pandya and Hoysala.

The Cholas left behind a legacy that today is reflected in the region. Its protection afforded to literature and their zeal in building temples, led to the creation of great works of architecture and development of Tamil poetry. The Chola kings were avid builders and the presence of the temples in their kingdoms not only obeyed to be places of worship but also centers of economic activity, benefiting the community. Initiated a form of centralized government and established a disciplined bureaucracy.

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