Acronyms and back formation ~ The Linguistics Zone

Saturday, June 02, 2007

Acronyms and back formation

Acronyms are abbreviations that are formed by taking the first letter(s) of each of the words they stand for. Some insist that acronyms must be pronounceable (such as NATO) but this isn't always the case (as in OK).

Sometimes an acronym was first created and then had to be changed in the future because the original meaning isn't valid anymore or is too restrictive. These are sometimes referred to as "anacronyms".

Here is an example:

DVD: Digital Video Disc ?

It started out as Digital Video Disc, but later on, there were other uses for these discs besides video. An interesting situation arose: what would be an appropriate word that starts with V and would convey the meaning of multi-purpose? The word "versatile" was thrown around for a bit, but never entered common usage.

However, according to the official DVD specifications, it doesn't stand for anything, it is just the letters "DVD". Now with DVDs in the mainstream, they will be thought of as always standing for digital video disc, especially with the popularity of movie rental services such as Netflix.

183 comments:

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Interesting that the specifications didn't say digital video disk.

So someone just liked those three letters and later it was turned it into an acronym?

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DVD started out as strictly a video format; they didn't just choose the letters first. When its applications expanded to media other than video the name was found to be a bit problematic.

However the name has now stuck, and referring to them as Digital Video Discs is still acceptable, even though that is not what it "officially" stands for.

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And then there was the Bureau of State Security.

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"Interesting that the specifications didn't say digital video disk.

So someone just liked those three letters and later it was turned it into an acronym?"


I wonder how many other acronyms started like that.

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However the name has now stuck, and referring to them as Digital Video Discs is still acceptable, even though that is not what it "officially" stands for.

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People started it calling it DVD. I still dont know what is the correct expansion of DVD.

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Does anyone know what is the right meaning of a DVD? Sorry for asking questions like a dumb.

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What about CSI?? is correct right?

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The word "versatile" was thrown around for a bit, but never entered common usage.

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I wonder how many other acronyms started like that.

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The word 'Versatile' came and went like some urban legend.

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